Hazelnut requires little care: the main work related to it boils down to watering, cutting out unnecessary root-growth and harvesting.
Planted it in autumn and spring. The most suitable time for planting seedlings of hazelnuts is autumn.
The fact is that hazelnuts have a short rest period, and when planting in spring the seedlings are harder to settle down: in spring the planting period is much shorter – the hazelnut starts to grow early. At a spring planting, about 40% of hazelnut seedlings do not survive. Autumn planting hazelnut – 15-25 days before the onset of frost. During this time, the seedling will have time to take root, autumn and winter will pick up moisture and will rise in early spring.
Hazelnut grows well and on flat terrain, but abundantly fructifies on the slopes. But it is better to choose the western, north-western, northern, northeast and eastern slopes. The southern slopes are not the best place for hazelnut: there male and female flowers bloom earlier, and may be damaged by frost.
Ordinary hazel, brought from the forest, can take root in your garden, but the conditions of growth in the forest are completely different than those that the gardener can provide. Therefore, it is preferable to plant specially cultivated and tested for generations gardener varieties.
Buy seedlings better in nurseries. Buying hazelnut seedlings in markets or other unchecked outlets, you can get not varietal seedlings, but the same hazel that is not too adapted for growing in the backyard.
It is very important to choose exactly the forms and varieties that will be optimally suited for growing in the climatic conditions of the middle belt – domestic breeding, zoned in our climatic conditions.
Before landing in the ground, you must carefully inspect the root system of seedlings. If the roots are damaged, they must be cut to a healthy tissue. But a strong pruning of the root system will negatively affect the development of hazelnuts.
The root system of the seedlings is placed in a pit, and it is better to plant the hazelnut together, so that one keeps the seedling and spreads the roots all over the bottom of the pit, the other throws the planting pit with loose moist soil, slightly compacting each layer. Fertile soil from the upper layers or soil, carefully mixed with fertilizers and organic, the roots of the seedling are filled. The lower, less fertile layer is suitable for forming a hole around the young tree at the end of the planting. Immediately after planting, each plant is watered: in each well, about 20 liters of water. After the water has absorbed, the stock circle should be mulched with mown grass or other types of mulch. A good result is the mulching of the stump with a mixture of sand and humus.